Adafruit Io Login

I have found the 128×128 pixel version (Sharp LS013B7DH03), and best of all, it is pin compatible :-). The Digital Maker Marketplace, provide parts for IOT, Robotics & Electronics project: Raspberry Pi HAT Arduino Uno Shield Sensor Wireless Device Motor Driver Tool (Malaysia & Singapore). It leverages a robust digital points system (Steem) for digital rewards. Adafruit IO Arduino Library. Setup the Arduino IDE with the necessary libraries: Follow the tutorial on Adafruit, or if your Arduino IDE (or VS Code with Arduino integration) is already setup, do:. It enables device connectivity via industry standard IoT protocols - MQTT, CoAP and HTTP and supports both cloud and on-premises deployments. If you have followed the previous steps, you're all set. io and check your feeds. Adafruit RFM69HCW 868MHz for Pi. Before buying such. Scheduling MQTT Messages to io. Step 8:-Search Adafruit and click on it. We specialise in, VoIP and other hardware compatible with open source systems for New Zealand. Perfect for fitting into your next prop build! This FeatherWing will unlock the prop-maker inside all of us, with tons of stuff packed in to make sabers & swords, props, toys, cosplay pieces, and more. I have multiple sensors that feed into my account that I would love to see on the mirror. We use cookies for various purposes including analytics. Run gpio readall to see your pin layout. Did you solder the jumpers to set the I2C address? As stated in the linked document: Also, any 4 Adafruit 8x8 LED Matrices with I2C Backpacks should work. Custom boards have many advantages such as reduced wiring, easy installation, small size, less power consumption, and in some cases, an overall reduction in product cost. Adafruit RFM69HCW 868MHz for Pi. Join your hosts George KJ6VU and Jeremy KF7IJZ as they discuss. Adafruit IO is an IOT platform built around the MQTT Protocol. ARM mbed is a registered trademark of ARM Ltd. Setting up a Webhook; Payload URL; Content Type; Secret; SSL Verification; Active; Events; Now that we understand the basics of webhooks, let's go through the process of building out our own webhook powered integration. Now, give '1' in data to save, this implies LED will be ON. io and you're ready to build something cool and Internet-connected. com After login to Adafruit IO :-. ESP8266 board. If the board detects a humidity reading that is too high it will publish an 'alarm-humidity' event. io,IFTTT,and Google drive For the past few days i have been actively exploring the features of Particle Photon in other IoT platforms. If not, please use this tutorial by Adafruit or another great tutorial developed by Sparkfun. Hello, I am trying adafruit io server and adafruit mqtt library. Microsoft MakeCode is a framework for creating domain-specific programming experiences for beginners. I have found the 128×128 pixel version (Sharp LS013B7DH03), and best of all, it is pin compatible :-). Our website places cookies on your device to improve your experience and to improve our site. This one is a pre-built IO & Audio device that lets you use those microcontroller smarts to take over how it performs. Description. 8 Brokers MQTT in the Cloud. Step 10:-Follow the same steps to make applets to turn the LED OFF. If you're using the Adafruit HUZZAH board, you'll only need power, GND, and RX/TX for it to work. Huzzah! Adafruit. Adafruit was founded in 2005 by MIT engineer, Limor "Ladyada" Fried. pdf), Text File (. It is essentially an integrated cloud service for IoT devices designed primarily, like most other cloud services, to retrieve and store data. IO cloud service. First, created account at www. On both boards, pin 10 is used as SS. The board’s purpose is for mobility and ease of project tracking. Arduino + library esp8266 + adafruit TSL2561 library. Setup Adafruit IO for IoT Home Automation. We specialise in, VoIP and other hardware compatible with open source systems for New Zealand. Arduino IDE Digital IO Pin Mapping. Select feed name that you just created in Adafruit IO. io) 4 points by Alupis 1 hour ago | hide | past | web | favorite | discuss:. Only users with topic management privileges can see it. - Steve Robillard Jul 8 '17 at 5:41. This Pack DOES NOT include Raspberry Pi Board. Adafruit RFM69HCW 868MHz for Pi. The board communicates at 9600 8 baud, 1 stop bit, no parity. The port can be a USB serial port or the Adafruit EZ-Link Bluetooth Bluetooth serial port, depending on how you have configured the Arduino hardware. Microsoft MakeCode is a framework for creating domain-specific programming experiences for beginners. io! Light up LEDs, make noise, and move a motor when a trigger is detected. With this context I decide to read a photo-resistor with the MKR1000 and publish the information with Adafruit IO. Recruit, qualify and pay high-quality research participants for any type of research study. Loading Sorry, your browser is not supported. GPIO and Adafruit_BBIO libraries. io, and Amazon Echo. NEED AN ADAFRUIT. I want to send data which 2 packets ( temperature and hudimity) from arduino to ESP NodeMcu. First, go to Adafruit IO and make an Adafruit account. Use a MQTT library or client to publish/subscribe to a feed and to send/receive feed data. ThingsBoard is an open-source IoT platform for data collection, processing, visualization, and device management. Scheduling MQTT Messages to io. You’ll need it for your. An Adafruit Feather Huzzah checks whether the garage door is open/shut via a magnetic switch, then sends the current status to an adafruit. Build a physical mailbox for your emails using Adafruit IO and IFTTT! This is a fun, easy, introductory project to the Internet-of-Things by making things move using. Adafruit IO Setup The first thing you will need to do is to login to Adafruit IO and visit the Settings page. io feeds from a web page When the Huzzah and adafruit. It is powered by a ESP8266 module by Espressif, an 80 MHz microcontroller with a full WiFi front-end (both as client and access point) and TCP/IP stack with DNS support as well. Loading Sorry, your browser is not supported. Upload the code, then open serial monitor. 8 Brokers MQTT in the Cloud. Trinket lets you run and write code in any browser, on any device. This is useful if you want to login using the serial port, so they are probably the most commonly used pins. For other languages or platforms look for a MQTT library that ideally supports the MQTT 3. Library to provide a cross-platform GPIO interface on the Raspberry Pi and Beaglebone Black using the RPi. This Valve Saves Homes Opti used Particle to bring this valve online and teach it how to check the weather. Adafruit IO. An Adafruit Feather Huzzah checks whether the garage door is open/shut via a magnetic switch, then sends the current status to an adafruit. Buy Huzzah! Adafruit. This gets and sends weather and environment data using adafruit. Upload the code, then open serial monitor. Try first the first Adafruit Sketch; after you can try the DHT-11 code. client as mqtt import json THINGSBOARD_HOST = 'demo. With this context I decide to read a photo-resistor with the MKR1000 and publish the information with Adafruit IO. It needs to be paired with a hardware-specific library for each display device we carry (to handle the lower-level functions). Adafruit Industries is an open-source hardware company based in New York City. You can connect to it over the Internet. 3D printing. Adafruit Industries, Unique & fun DIY electronics and kits : - Tools Gift Certificates Arduino Cables Sensors LEDs Books Breakout Boards Power EL Wire/Tape/Panel Components & Parts LCDs & Displays Wearables Prototyping Raspberry Pi Wireless Young Engineers 3D printing NeoPixels Kits & Projects Robotics & CNC Accessories Cosplay/Costuming Halloween Reseller and School Packs Internet of Things. Huzzah ESP8266 Fritzing Part Introduction. We already have discussed about particle in older posts. At this point, also create an account on Adafruit IO if that's not done yet: https://io. io, and Amazon Echo. The Adafruit Feather series gives you lots of options for a small, portable, rechargeable microcontroller board. Once that's done, you can move on to the next step: building the sketch that will send data to Adafruit IO. Fusion PCB manufacture, PCB Assembly, CNC milling services and more. Looking for an Adafruit IO module. connect() # pick one of the following 3 ways of looping the MQTT client # client. And like most job boards, this job board is for companies and people who need the best talent for their projects and companies. Figure 26: adafruit io username and secret key Software Code Appliance Control using IOT and AI Chatbot: Everything is setup now its time to program you NodeMCU. On the Mega, the hardware SS pin, 53, is not used to select the Ethernet controller chip, but it must be kept as an output or the SPI interface won't work. As you can see, the setup is now much more condensed and gives a much better overview of what it's doing. 107K likes. Maker|Bright - Electronics shop for Makers worldwide. Your will have Adafruit ILI9341 Examples. C layer of FATFS expects you to provide routines to read/write multiple blocks from the underlying block storage device (HD, USBSTOR/MSC, SDCard, etc). We'll need it later. Usually the functionality for the specific int. Sense light, motion, humidity, temperature, and more, then send it for storage on adafruit. This demo script publishes a value to my Adafruit IO account once every minute or so from an Adafruit FONA 808 cellular board controlled by an Adafruit Metro and sending data over the Hologram network. The Adafruit IO has a GPS viewer and also a GPS and cellular hardware from FONA. Click the VIEW AIO KEY button to retrieve your key. In the following example, the ESP8266 hosts a web page with a button. Open-source electronic prototyping platform enabling users to create interactive electronic objects. com/product/4308 8 Channel LoRa Gateway Kit comes. Additionally, it can be used to create GUI interfaces for viewing data, controlling devices, and. Compact ARM Cortex-M0 board for low-cost data logging Adafruit Feather is a range of Arduino compatible development boards designed to be flexible, portable and light. io,IFTTT,and Google drive For the past few days i have been actively exploring the features of Particle Photon in other IoT platforms. Adafruit IO is the easiest way to get your projects onto the Internet of Things! Here at Adafruit, we sell all of these amazing components, but we couldn't find a good way to interact with them over the internet. ESP8266 Uploads GPS Position to Adafruit IO: In this Instruct able I'm going to show you how to use your ESP8266 and Ublox 6m, that we built in my previous Instructable, and use it upload your GPS position to Adafruit IO over WiFi. After learning to send temperature data from ESP8266 module to a server (Adafruit MQTT), it was time to learn to send data from Adafruit MQTT to ESP8266 module. Adafruit invests time and resources providing this open source code, please support Adafruit and open-source hardware by purchasing products from Adafruit! Written by Limor Fried/Ladyada for Adafruit Industries. Now, give '1' in data to save, this implies LED will be ON. io! Light up LEDs, make noise, and move a motor when a trigger is detected. CON3 contains CAN bus, SPI bus, I2C bus, PWM, serial port and etc. // Setup the MQTT client class by passing in the WiFi client and MQTT server and login details. Next-day delivery! Buy Microsoft Azure IoT Starter Kit with Adafruit Feather HUZZAH in the Distrelec Online Shop | We love electronics. io IoT Maker Server directly on your Raspberry Pi 3. I could not find an esphomeyaml template that would work with adafruit. Overview Adafruit IO is a system that makes data useful. Adafruit; IFTTT; To use above services we need to configure them. Electronics products and services for Makers to Engineers. Scheduling MQTT Messages to io. ThingsBoard is an open-source IoT platform for device management, data collection, processing and visualization for your IoT projects. ThingsBoard is an open-source IoT platform for data collection, processing, visualization, and device management. import os import time import sys import Adafruit_DHT as dht import paho. Raspbian Images. Tutorial #5 ESP8266 - MQTT + io. It's now up to 8 likes and 146 views - hackster. In the following example, the ESP8266 hosts a web page with a button. Thingspeak. The user has to create an account and get a private key generated for the account to operate this broker. This Valve Saves Homes Opti used Particle to bring this valve online and teach it how to check the weather. Boot Linux in under 10 seconds and get started on development in less than 5 minutes with just a single USB cable. Only users with topic management privileges can see it. On the Mega, the hardware SS pin, 53, is not used to select the Ethernet controller chip, but it must be kept as an output or the SPI interface won't work. Step 8:-Search Adafruit and click on it. In this project, we are going to control some home AC appliance via a web page crated using Adafruit IO. It is powered by a ESP8266 module by Espressif, an 80 MHz microcontroller with a full WiFi front-end (both as client and access point) and TCP/IP stack with DNS support as well. MQTT is a lightweight messaging protocol that provides resource-constrained network clients. Read more about the cookies we use and how to disable them here. Although it is a very capable controller, it has not found very good adoption in the industry however, due to the lack of robust, certified, industry ready Arduino based PLC modules. This guide will show you how to send button press data to Adafruit IO from the HUZZAH ESP8266, then use that data to change the color of an LED connected to a second HUZZAH ESP8266. Steemit is a social media platform where everyone gets paid for creating and curating content. For other languages or platforms look for a MQTT library that ideally supports the MQTT 3. Trinkets work instantly, with no need to log in, download plugins, or install software. If the board detects a humidity reading that is too high it will publish an 'alarm-humidity' event. This is useful if you want to login using the serial port, so they are probably the most commonly used pins. Boot Linux in under 10 seconds and get started on development in less than 5 minutes with just a single USB cable. IO, execute some logic and perform some actions. This is the Assembled Adafruit Feather HUZZAH ESP8266 with headers - Adafruit's take on an 'all-in-one' ESP8266 WiFi development board with built in USB and battery charging and ready to go immediately! Its an ESP8266 WiFi module with all the extras you need. on_connect = connected client. This demo script publishes a value to my Adafruit IO account once every minute or so from an Adafruit FONA 808 cellular board controlled by an Adafruit Metro and sending data over the Hologram network. Each button can change color as you see fit. Library to provide a cross-platform GPIO interface on the Raspberry Pi and Beaglebone Black using the RPi. Electronics products and services for Makers to Engineers. io console to send the published data to adafruit. And like most job boards, this job board is for companies and people who need the best talent for their projects and companies. Adafruit IO and IFTTT. This is the web front end used to create and view dashboards of widgets (called blocks), as well as to illustrate data gathered from rigs and passed to the Adafruit cloud servers via the MQTT protocol. OK you've signed up for Adafruit. Setting up your Adafruit IO account. Keep a copy of this in a safe place. Adafruit IO Arduino Library. It allows you to switch between WiFi (ESP8266, ESP32, AirLift, WINC1500, & WICED), Cellular (32u4 FONA), and Ethernet (Ethernet FeatherWing) Documentation. Trinket lets you run and write code in any browser, on any device. The first thing you will need to do is to login to Adafruit IO and visit the Settings page. More than 3 years have passed since last update. World of Warcraft Raid and Mythic Plus Rankings. You will need to accept the new terms and conditions by checking the box below. Turns out that its much simpler to use this service to get basic IoT prototypes done. You will need to accept the new terms and conditions by checking the box below. ThingsBoard is an open-source IoT platform for data collection, processing, visualization, and device management. In order to create a Toggle button in Adafruit IO which trigger the LED on ESP8266 module, we need to have Adafruit account; https://io. io dashboard but the code not working and I can't understand how to fix it : here is my code : I know that photon connect…. Welcome, Guest. Flowchart Maker and Online Diagram Software. io console to send the published data to adafruit. If the board detects a humidity reading that is too high it will publish an 'alarm-humidity' event. The jobs board is for designers, makers, programmers, artists and engineers who are looking for great places work at & projects to work on. CON3 contains CAN bus, SPI bus, I2C bus, PWM, serial port and etc. This topic has been deleted. All you need is this starter kit which will get you going with lots of parts that go very well with our service and are the most common sensors and actuators you may want. I'd like to post information from my feeds directly on my Magic Mirror. Adafruit's awesome Arduino compatible Adalogger. Compact ARM Cortex-M0 board for low-cost data logging Adafruit Feather is a range of Arduino compatible development boards designed to be flexible, portable and light. IO?It is a solution for the construction of applications IoT created by Adafruit Industries, the well-known open-source hardware marketer, have created this platform for the internet of things based on platforms known as Arduino, Raspberry pi, ESP8266, Intel Galileo, Serial devices And Wifi among others. Creating the Feeds First, you will need to create a feed called Temperature. The sign-in process is similar to other websites and can be found by clicking this link. This time the test will be performed on the well-known Adafruit. We already have discussed about particle in older posts. Now, give '1' in data to save, this implies LED will be ON. - Adafruit is a fast growing global leader in educational electronics platforms, prototyping and development tools, operating out of a manufacturing facility in the heart of NYC. io we use cookies to personalise your experience and help us identify and resolve errors. Prerequisites. Provide details and share your research! But avoid …. To open it navigate to File -> Examples -> Adafruit MQTT Library -> mqtt_esp8266. You can also get a notification on your phone from IFTTT. io and check your feeds. io IoT Maker Server directly on your Raspberry Pi 3. Circuit Diagram Step1: Setting up Adafruit IO Account for IOT controlled LED. Write and flash code to your Particle devices. Electronics products and services for Makers to Engineers. Creating Webhooks. com Login to your account and click on the channels icon. We have modified mqtt_esp8266 example as per our above example as below. It is powered by a ESP8266 module by Espressif, an 80 MHz microcontroller with a full WiFi front-end (both as client and access point) and TCP/IP stack with DNS support as well. Create a New Adafruit IO Dashboard. Setup Adafruit IO for IoT Home Automation. com is too lazy or incapable? or unwilling? to put this is the correct queue for actual support. A window will pop up with your Adafruit IO. Circuit Diagram Step1: Setting up Adafruit IO Account for IOT controlled LED. Click the VIEW AIO KEY button to retrieve your key. Her goal was to create the best place online for learning electronics and making the best designed products for makers of all ages and skill levels. In this project, we are going to control some home AC appliance via a web page crated using Adafruit IO. For this project, you will use IO as MQTT broker. In this tutorial I've shown how to install "Adafruit PCA9685 PWM Servo Driver" Arduino library, written by GitHub user "adafruit" to Arduino IDE, showing how to use the library functions with an example, while giving information about servo motors. Cookies and tracking technologies may be used for marketing purposes. Adafruit RFM69HCW 868MHz for Pi. Write and flash code to your Particle devices. New products at Adafruit! https://www. I have prebuilt LoRa telemetry field gateway Hackster projects for AdaFruit. 4+ Installation Easy Installation. Prerequisites. Adafruit Industries is an open-source hardware company based in New York City. Thingspeak. PowerBoost 1000 Charger (1A 1000c) PowerBoost 1000C is the perfect power supply for your portable project! With a built-in load-sharing battery charger circuit, you'll be able to keep your power-hungry pro. After following above steps, provide name to the dashboard and save it. Adafruit Jobs Board. Limor is an amazing woman who has been very good to me. Particle is a fully-integrated IoT platform that offers everything you need to deploy an IoT product. Compatible with Python Versions 3. Select feed name that you just created in Adafruit IO. Compact ARM Cortex-M0 board for low-cost data logging Adafruit Feather is a range of Arduino compatible development boards designed to be flexible, portable and light. With the holidays just around the corner, it's time. io IoT Maker Server directly on your Raspberry Pi 3. Click the VIEW AIO KEY button to retrieve your key. Upload the code, then open serial monitor. Then log in to Adafruit IO and create a dashboard (go into Your Dashboards->Create Dashboard) and call it whatever you want. My live console on Adafruit. The board’s purpose is for mobility and ease of project tracking. The 3 independent IO pins have 1 analog input and 2 PWM output as well. Library to provide a cross-platform GPIO interface on the Raspberry Pi and Beaglebone Black using the RPi. Once that's done, you can move on to the next step: building the sketch that will send data to Adafruit IO. Arduino Project : Gyro/Accelerometer MPU-6050 and Adafruit Motor Driver Shield – All Adafruit NeoPixel Überguide | Adafruit Learning System Arduino 101. Visuino: Use the Adafruit IO MQTT to Remotely Access and Control Controllino MEGA PLC: Arduino is a very popular platform for Makers. If the board detects a humidity reading that is too high it will publish an 'alarm-humidity' event. This is on digital pins 11, 12, and 13 on the Uno and pins 50, 51, and 52 on the Mega. Realise your ideas with Seeed Studio. OK, I Understand. com Login to your account and click on the channels icon. Turn off the AnalogIn and release the pin for other use. If you have followed the previous steps, you're all set. IoT Temperature Logger with Analog Devices ADT7410, Feather and Adafruit IO by Brent Rubell Home Assistant tracks the state of all the devices in your home, so you don't have to, and Adafruit IO can store it all!. com Adafruit. loop_background() # start background thread and return # client. Unless you've been hiding out in your workshop for the past month or so, you probably already know The Pi Zero is the $5 Linux-based computer which has been taking the world by storm. First, go to Adafruit IO and make an Adafruit account. The code you download from circuito. Trinket lets you run and write code in any browser, on any device. We have updated our terms and conditions. I installed webhooks on the Particle. Most of our users purchase off-the-shelf hardware for initial testing. io dashboard and integration in IFTTT. This is the web front end used to create and view dashboards of widgets (called blocks), as well as to illustrate data gathered from rigs and passed to the Adafruit cloud servers via the MQTT protocol. To use the MQTT API that Adafruit IO exposes you'll need a MQTT client library. One is the example file by Adafruit MQTT library, the other is the file to use Arduino YUN with DHT-11 sensor, LED, PWM and relay, Copy the code and modify the WifiSSID, PWD, and the Adafruit IO key. I've always been impressed with Adafruit's documentation, and Adafruit IO was no exception. Home automation-in-the-cloud-with-the-esp8266-and-adafruit-io 1. Adafruit IO is Adafruit's Internet of Thing (IoT) service platform. It is essentially an integrated cloud service for IoT devices designed primarily, like most other cloud services, to retrieve and store data. We have modified mqtt_esp8266 example as per our above example as below. Update: This project was undertaken by me during a Hackathon event and we were asked to share a demo video immediately afterward. Compact ARM Cortex-M0 board for low-cost data logging Adafruit Feather is a range of Arduino compatible development boards designed to be flexible, portable and light. Account on Adafruit IO; Account on IFTTT; Google account- same account for which you are using Google Assistant. Step 9:-Login to Adafruit Account using your credentials. Buy Huzzah! Adafruit. Write and flash code to your Particle devices. I loaded the Arduino code Home Automation in the Cloud with the ESP8266 & Adafruit IO and entered my SSID and Password. My live console on Adafruit. The 2 shared IO pins have 2 more analog inputs and one more PWM output. This time the test will be performed on the well-known Adafruit. This part of the tutorial will thoroughly explain the step-by-step process of using the Adafruit IO to save data and the IFTTT to connect two different applications. Plug your Argon, Boron, or Xenon into this adapter and continue development as usual!. Adafruit Max31856 Thermocouple Amplifier - Free download as PDF File (. Check out our Python 3 Trinket. Join your hosts George KJ6VU and Jeremy KF7IJZ as they discuss. Particle is a fully-integrated IoT platform that offers everything you need to deploy an IoT product. It is essentially an integrated cloud service for IoT devices designed primarily, like most other cloud services, to retrieve and store data. The user has to create an account and get a private key generated for the account to operate this broker. Keep a copy of this in a safe place. Once the field gateway is installed and running the Windows 10 IoT Core the ETW logging is useful for check the sensor data is being received and getting the BCD representations of sensor identifiers. It is powered by a ESP8266 module by Espressif, an 80 MHz microcontroller with a full WiFi front-end (both as client and access point) and TCP/IP stack with DNS support as well. This time the test will be performed on the well-known Adafruit. You can also get a notification on your phone from IFTTT. txt) or read online for free. on_message = message client. We saw that Arduino boards are programmed using a language derived from C and C++ in Arduino's Integrated Development Environment (IDE) and learned a few basic debugging methods. Manage non-customer and customer participants for quantitative and qualitative research studies. Select feed name that you just created in Adafruit IO. 107K likes. electromaker. io IoT products. It integrates all the required components to start working with the platform, including the console client, that is served directly from the Rpi. io are working together, follow the instructions to set up IFTTT to adafruit. In this how-to article, we will learn how to get started with the Adafruit dashboard, which allows you to work on IoT-related projects easily. Instead the numbers you need to use are those of the ESP8266 chip that these are connected to. Personal support. Adafruit's awesome Arduino compatible Adalogger. Don't have an account yet? Register as new customer. It provides highly secure broker. Most of our users purchase off-the-shelf hardware for initial testing. At this point, also create an account on Adafruit IO if that's not done yet: https://io. We use cookies for various purposes including analytics. Arduino IDE in the Cloud. Vamos a ver como monitorear entradas analógicas y digitales; y como controlar salidas analógicas y digitales. Go back to Adafruit. I got these two thinking it would be plug and play. This Valve Saves Homes Opti used Particle to bring this valve online and teach it how to check the weather. More than 3 years have passed since last update. PowerBoost 1000 Charger (1A 1000c) PowerBoost 1000C is the perfect power supply for your portable project! With a built-in load-sharing battery charger circuit, you'll be able to keep your power-hungry pro. Turn off the AnalogIn and release the pin for other use. Adafruit Industries is an open-source hardware company based in New York City. Example, say I want to turn on my greenhouse lights for my seedlings in the morning, at a certain time, and then turn them off in the evening at a certain time. Compatible with Python Versions 3. Particle Mesh now only available for prototyping, which means all Particle customers get 10 free networks using a Wi-Fi or Cellular gateway. In order to build your own app to remote control your Nano/Logo Mouse, you need access to App Inventor, which is a web based program that requires users to login with a Google account. __exit__ ¶.